Chum Kiu (Chinese: literally: “seeking bridge”) The second form, Chum Kiu, focuses on coordinated movement of body-mass and entry techniques to “bridge the gap” between practitioner and opponent and move in to disrupt their structure and balance. Close-range attacks using the elbows and knees are also developed here. It also teaches methods of recovering position and center-line when in a compromised position where Siu Nim Tau structure has been lost. For some branches body-weight in striking is a central heme, whether it be from pivoting (rotational) or stepping (transitional). Likewise for some branches, this form provides the engine to the car. For branches who use the “sinking bridge” interpretation, the form takes on more emphasis of an “uprooting” context adding multi-dimensional movement and spiraling to the already developed engine.
Ip Man performing Chum Kiu
Chum Kiu is the second of three open-hand forms of Wing Chun Kung Fu. It builds upon many of the basic principles and techniques learned in the first Wing Chun open-handform, Siu Nim Tao. The form may also be called Chum Kil.
Chum Kiu is a traditional open-hand form. It dates back to the Shaolin temple and the development of Wing Chun over two hundred years ago.
Chum Kiu consists of a variety of techniques and movements designed to bridge the gap to an opponent, hence the name, Bridge Seeking Form. Chum Kiu also builds upon arm and leg movements learnt in Siu Nim Tao to create a coherent fighting system. This system is further expanded in the Biu Tze and Mook Yun Jong forms. Chum Kiu also teaches advancing footwork, complex hand shapes and body turns.
Chum Kiu practice develops advanced stances and footwork, develops techniques designed to control an opponent and includes some simultaneous attack and defense techniques It is a far more dynamic form than Siu Nim Tao, and places significant emphasis on techniques slightly outside the centerline.
Although many of the movements are similar, Chum Kiu varies significantly between schools. Some notable practitioners are view-able via the links to YouTube below. Many more variations also exist.